Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8. Why you need it and how to install it.
You’re a forward thinking technical person and you understand that you need the tools to manage your server infrastructure from your desktop. You are the type of individual that needs a certain sub set of tools to make your life easier, you don’t work harder, you work smarter.
But, what is this RSAT witchcraft that you hear people speak of? What is it and why do you need it?
What and Why?
RSAT or the Remote Server Administration Toolkit for Windows 8 is a utility belt that contains Server Manager. Inside of Server Manager you get a wonderful mix of Windows PowerShell cmdlets, command line tools and MCC snap-ins. This collection of tools is there so that you can make Windows Server dance and sing to a tune of your choosing. You also get some tasty bits and pieces that allow you interact with Active Directory without having to jump onto your Domain Controller.
Ok, but what’s the point? I can just click Start, Run and type MSTSC and remote desktop onto the server and do everything I need to straight from the source, right? Yes you can, but this is naughty. Let’s think about it, your PC is a shop and in your shop you have a selection of goods, would you really ask your clients to take a drive to your supplier if they wanted to purchase something? No you will have it available and in stock. In exactly the same way will have RSAT installed, running and ready so you can perform your tasks from the desktop. Its better this way and it’s better for the environment … (probably)
So what do you get? What tools will work with which server? What Server OS is supported? Luckily, Microsoft have taken the time to explain all these questions and below you will find a very pretty extract from a spreadsheet. (Source http://support.microsoft.com/kb/2693643)
Manages technology on Windows Server 2003
Manages technology on Windows Server 2008
Manages technology on Windows Server 2012
|Active Directory Certificate Services Tools||Active Directory Certificate Services Tools includes the Certification Authority, Certificate Templates, Enterprise PKI, and Online Responder Management snap-ins.||√, except Online Certificate Status Protocol (OCSP)||√||√|
|Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) Tools and Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS) Tools||Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) and Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS) Tools includes Active Directory Administrative Center; Active Directory Domains and Trusts; Active Directory Sites and Services; Active Directory Users and Computers; ADSI Edit; DCPromo.exe; LDP.exe; NetDom.exe; NTDSUtil.exe; RepAdmin.exe; Active Directory module for Windows PowerShell; DCDiag.exe; DSACLs.exe; DSAdd.exe; DSDBUtil.exe; DSMgmt.exe; DSMod.exe; DSMove.exe; DSQuery.exe; DSRm.exe; GPFixup.exe; KSetup.exe; KtPass.exe; NlTest.exe; NSLookup.exe; W32tm.exe. – Server for NIS Tools includes an extension to the Active Directory Users and Computers snap-in, and the Ypclear.exe command-line tool.||√, Windows PowerShell and ADAC remote management require the Active Directory Web Service download package.||√, Windows PowerShell and ADAC remote management require the Active Directory Web Service download package.||√|
|Best Practices Analyzer||Best Practices Analyzer cmdlets for Windows PowerShell||Not available; no BPA models run on WS03||Can run on WS08 R2 when the Windows Management Framework 3.0 package is installed on WS08 R2. No BPA models are available for WS08.||√|
|BitLocker Drive Encryption Administration Utilities||Manage-bde, Windows PowerShell cmdlets for BitLocker, BitLocker Recovery Password Viewer for Active Directory, BitLocker Network Unlock Provider||Not available||Not available||√|
|Cluster-Aware Updating||Cluster-Aware Updating management console, Cluster-Aware Updating cmdlets for Windows PowerShell||Not available||Not available||√|
|DHCP Server Tools||DHCP Server Tools includes the DHCP Management Console, the DHCP Server cmdlet module for Windows Powershell, and the Netsh command-line tool||√, Windows PowerShell module does not run on WS03.||√, Windows PowerShell module does not run on WS08 and WS08 R2.||√|
|DirectAccess, Routing and Remote Access||Routing and Remote Access management console, Connection Manager Administration Kit console, Remote Access provider for Windows PowerShell||Not available||Not available||√|
|DNS Server Tools||DNS Server Tools DNS Server Tools include the DNS Manager snap-in, the DNS module for Windows PowerShell, and the Ddnscmd.exe command-line tool.||√||√||√|
|Failover Clustering Tools||Failover Clustering Tools include Failover Cluster Manager, Failover Clusters (Windows PowerShell Cmdlets), MSClus, Cluster.exe||Not available||√, Failover Cluster Manager runs only on Windows Server 2012. The Windows PowerShell cmdlet set supports Windows Server 2012 and WS08R2. MSClus and Cluster.EXE support Windows Server 2012, WS08R2, and WS08.||√|
|File and Storage Services Tools||• File Services Tools include the following: Share and Storage Management Tools; Distributed File System Tools; File Server Resource Manager Tools; Services for NFS Administration Tools; iSCSI management cmdlets for Windows PowerShell – Distributed File System Tools include the DFS Management snap-in, and the Dfsradmin.exe, Dfsrdiag.exe, Dfscmd.exe, Dfsdiag.exe, and Dfsutil.exe command-line tools.||Not available||√, iSCSI cmdlets for Windows PowerShell can be used to manage iSCSI on Windows Server 2012 only.||√|
|• File Server Resource Manager tools include the File Server Resource Manager snap-in, and the Dirquota.exe, Filescrn.exe, and Storrept.exe command line tools.|
|• Share and Storage Management Tools include the Share and Storage Management snap-in.|
|Group Policy Management Tools||Group Policy Management Tools include Group Policy Management Console, Group Policy Management Editor, and Group Policy Starter GPO Editor.||√||√||√|
|Hyper-V Tools||Hyper-V Tools include the Hyper-V Manager snap-in and the Virtual Machine Connection remote access tool.||Not available||Hyper-V Manager console doesn’t support managing Hyper-V servers running Server 2008 or Server 2008 R2.||Hyper-V tools are not part of Remote Server Administration Tools for Windows 8; they are available as part of Windows 8. There is no need to install RSAT to use these tools. The Hyper-V Manager console for Windows Server 2012 does not support managing Hyper-V servers running Server 2008 or Server 2008 R2.|
|IP Address Management (IPAM) Management Tools||IP Address Management client console||Not available||Not available||√|
|Network Adapter Teaming, or NIC Teaming||Network Adapter Teaming management console||Not available||Not available||√|
|Network Load Balancing Tools||Network Load Balancing Tools include the Network Load Balancing Manager; Network Load Balancing Windows PowerShell cmdlets; and the NLB.exe and WLBS.exe command-line tools||√||√||√|
|Remote Desktop Services Tools||Remote Desktop Services Tools include the Remote Desktop snap-ins; RD Gateway Manager, tsgateway.msc; RD Licensing Manager, licmgr.exe; RD Licensing Diagnoser, lsdiag.msc. Server Manager should be used for administration of all other RDS role services except RD Gateway and RD Licensing.||√||√||√|
|Server Manager||Server Manager includes the Server Manager console. Remote management with Server Manager is available in Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows Server 2012.||Not available||Available for WS08 R2 and later versions, not for WS08||√|
|SMTP Server Tools||SMTP Server Tools include the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) snap-in||√||√||The tools are not available in RSAT for Windows 8.|
|Storage Explorer Tools||Storage Explorer Tools include the Storage Explorer snap-in||Not available||√||The tools are not available in RSAT for Windows 8.|
|Storage Manager for Storage Area Network (SAN) Tools||Storage Manager for SAN Tools include the Storage Manager for SAN snap-in and the Provisionstorage.exe command-line tool||√, Storage Manager for SANs is available in Windows Server 2003 R2 and later versions.||√||The tools are not available in RSAT for Windows 8.|
|Volume Activation||Manage Volume Activation, vmw.exe||Not available||The tool can be used to manage volume activation on remote servers running WS08 or on WS08 R2, but cannot run on those operating systems.||√|
|Windows System Resource Manager Tools||Windows System Resource Manager Tools include the Windows System Resource Manager snap-in, and the Wsrmc.exe command-line tool.||Not available||√||√|
|Windows Server Update Services Tools||Windows Server Update Services Tools include the Windows Server Update Services snap-in, WSUS.msc.||Not available||√||√|
Now, because you have memorized every single word and tick box in the diagram above, you are sold and you feel a sudden urge to install RSAT and open your shop! This is how …
Now, if you used installation media from the UK to install Windows 8, you have been tricked into installing English (United Kingdom)! Just leaving this “as is” will not allow you to install RSAT, you must also install English (United States)
If you dont know how to install a new language pack go here: http://support.microsoft.com/kb/2607607
As you can see from my screen shot I have installed English (US and A), this is a pre-reboot screenshot. I will need to reboot and then commence with the instructions below.
Download the RSAT .msu from here: http://www.microsoft.com/en-gb/download/details.aspx?id=28972 you must choose between Windows6.2-KB2693643-x64.msu or Windows6.2-KB2693643-x86.msu.
Save the downloaded file somewhere awesome! This will be easy for you.
Double click the file that you have saved in your awesome location. And Click Open
Click yes after you are asked if you would like to install the file that you have spent time downloading …
Click I Accept on the extremely interesting license information that we all love and care about.
Once you have accepted, a few seconds later you will be asked to reboot. The reason you have to reboot is because NOT rebooting is a good idea and will make your life easier. Therefore you are forced to reboot. So click Restart Now.
After the reboot, click start and type server manager. Or locate the administrative tools in the Control Panel to access your goodies
You are welcome and let me know if anything didn’t work so we can help you.